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English Test 14

Page history last edited by Anna Gay 11 years, 9 months ago

English Test 14

 

[1]

Although secret identities and elaborate

disguises are typically associated with the world of spies

 

and villains, it has other uses. For six years Ruth

1

Reichl the restaurant critic for The New York Times, used

2

aliases and costumes as a regular part of her job.

[2]

Dining is big business in New York City, from

 

the neighborhood noodle shops and diners to the upscale

 

steak houses and four-star French restaurants. [#3] Many

 

of the more than one million people who read The Times

 

each day look to it for advice on where to eat. A positive

4

review from The Times could have brought a restaurant

5

unimagined success and month-long waiting lists for

 

reservations. A negative review, on the other hand, can

 

undermine a restaurant’s popularity and seriously cut

 

into its profits. Obviously, restaurant owners and

6

workers have a lot at stake when the restaurant critic for

6

The Times walks in the door. Waiters and chefs often

 

pull out all of the stops to impress the writer that the

7

meal can make or break a restaurant.

[3]

Reichl was acutely aware that she received

8

special treatment once restaurant staff recognized her.

8

She would be graciously greeted and led to the best table

 

in the restaurant, offered dishes prepared specially by the

 

head chef, and given multiple courses of amazing

 

desserts. In other words, the dining experience of the

 

restaurant critic was nothing like that of the commonly

9

ordinary person walking in from the street.

9 [4]

To remedy this, Reichl decided a solution would

10

be to become, for short periods of time, someone else.

10

Transforming herself into different personas, Reichl

11

used wigs, special makeup, and carefully selected

11

clothing, such as an attractive blonde named Chloe, a

11

redhead named Brenda, and an older woman named

 

Betty. [#12]

[5]

Sometimes, Reichl developed a different view

 

about the quality when she was not treated like a very

 

important person of a restaurant. Indeed, the difference

13

between the treatment she received as herself and as one

 

of her characters was occasionally so great that Reichl

 

would revise her initial impression of a restaurant and

 

write a more negative review. [#14]

[6]

By becoming an average customer, Reichl

 

encouraged even the most expensive and popular

 

restaurants to improve how they treated all of their

 

customers. After all, waiters could never be certain when

 

they were serving the powerful restaurant critic for The

 

New York Times.

  1. Question 1

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. it does have

    3. they do have

    4. and they have

 

  1. Question 2

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. Reichl, the restaurant critic, for The New York Times,

    3. Reichl, the restaurant critic for The New York Times,

    4. Reichl the restaurant critic for The New York Times

 

  1. Should the following sentence be inserted into the passage at this point?

The legendary French restaurant Le Bernardin received a four-star rating from The Times shortly after opening in 1986, an honor it has maintained ever since.

  1. Yes, because the added sentence emphasizes how important a positive review from The Times can be.

  2. Yes, because the specific information helps the reader develop a clearer picture of the type of restaurant reviewed by The Times.

  3. No, because it is unclear whether Reichl was responsible for reviewing this specific restaurant.

  4. No, because the specific information about one restaurant leads the reader away from the main topic of the essay.

 

  1. Question 4

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. look with

    3. look by

    4. looking to

 

  1. Question 5

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. can bring

    3. will have brought

    4. will be bringing

 

  1. Question 6

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. restaurant owners and workers;

    3. restaurant, owners and workers

    4. restaurant owners, and workers

 

  1. Question 7

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. who’s

    3. whose

    4. which

 

  1. Question 8

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. special treatment was received by her

    3. she was the recipient of special treatment

    4. she was in the position of receiving special treatment

 

  1. Question 9

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. common, representative, and average

    3. typical

    4. extravagant

 

  1. Question 10

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. she created a solution to the problem by becoming

    3. Reichl decided to become

    4. Reichl found a way to fix the problem, which involved becoming

 

  1. Question 11

    1. NO CHANGE

    2. With wigs, special makeup, and carefully selected clothing, Reichl transformed herself into different personas,

    3. Transformed with wigs, special makeup, and carefully selected clothing, Reichl’s different personas,

    4. Reichl used wigs, special makeup, and carefully selected clothing, that transformed herself into different personas,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following true statements would make the most effective and logical conclusion for Paragraph 4?

    1. Reichl found that she could quickly disguise herself as Betty, but it took more time to become Chloe.

    2. Her true identity hidden, Reichl would then dine at a restaurant she was currently evaluating.

    3. After six years at The Times, Reichl moved on to become the editor of Gourmet magazine.

    4. The former restaurant critic for The Times did not always agree with Reichl’s methods or her selection of restaurants to review.

 

  1. For the sake of logic and coherence, the underlined portion should be placed:

    1. where it is now.

    2. after the word developed.

    3. after the word view.

    4. after the word quality.

 

  1. Would deleting the word “occasionally” from the previous sentence change the meaning of the sentence?

    1. Yes, because without this word the reader would not understand that Reichl had different experiences when she dined in disguise.

    2. Yes, because without this word the reader would think that Reichl always changed her impression of restaurants when she received different treatment because she was not recognized.

    3. No, because this word repeats an idea that is already presented in the sentence.

    4. No, because this word is used only to show emphasis, and it does not contribute to the meaning of the sentence.

 

  1. To make the passage flow logically and smoothly, the best place for Paragraph 6 is:

    1. where it is now.

    2. after Paragraph 1.

    3. after Paragraph 3.

    4. after Paragraph 4.

 

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